Where do quanta and photons come from?

According to modern concepts of elementary particle physics, an electron is indivisible and structureless (at least up to distances of 10 17 cm). The possibilities of our measurements lead to such conclusions.

We can neither weigh nor measure smaller quantities. The parameters of quanta lie much further than these limits and are related to the electron further than dust particles are related to a dusty bag (according to the emission theory).

Feynman in his lecture What is gravity? writes:

“If we measure in natural units the repulsion of two electrons (arising from the fact that they have a charge) and their attraction (arising from the fact that they have mass), then we can get the ratio of electric repulsion to gravitational attraction. This ratio does not depend on distance, it is a fundamental world constant. The gravitational attraction is 1 / 4.17 * 10 42 from electrical repulsion! Where could such a gigantic number in the denominator come from? It is not accidental, because it is not the ratio of the volume of the Earth to the volume of aphids. We are considering two natural properties of the same object - the electron. This fantastic number is a natural constant, and some deep properties of nature are hidden in it. On what properties does it depend? Some hope that if someone writes a "universal equation" one day, that number will be one of its roots. But it is very difficult to find an equation in which such an unthinkable number would be the root. Other possibilities were invented; one connects it with the age of the universe. ”

Here are some good calculations, and some not interesting conclusions from the results of these calculations. How did you get these results? According to the gravitational interaction formula: gravitational interaction formula. calculated the force of attraction between two electrons. And then according to the formula of the interaction of two charged bodies Interaction of two charged bodies. calculated the repulsive force of two electrons. It turned out that these forces differ from each other in magnitude by 10 42 times.

For now, let's not say that these are just mathematical delights.

Feynman's conclusions do not in any way relate to the physical side of the matter, it is important that this constant be included in some other mathematical expression. What natural properties are considered in this calculation? The electrical repulsion of one entire electron from another of the entire electron, that is, their total charges. And the gravitational attraction of an unknown force. Further we will try to explain that this force, or rather its impulse, is created by a quantum or a photon. Here the quantum has the minimum impulse and therefore it can be assumed that the body of the electron contains exactly 1 / 4.17 * 10 42 quanta, which can be converted in any quantity into elementary photons. Accordingly, the gravitational action is carried out through one quantum, and the electric action is carried out through the total field of all quanta that make up the electron. If the gravitational interaction is carried out by a photon, then it can be much greater than the gravitational interaction of one quantum, and in the limit these interactions in strength can change places, which we observe in nuclei.

The concept that the electron is indivisible, we have already passed with the atom, and the fact that the parameters of quanta are below 10 -17 cm, so it is quite possible and even there is something below the components of a quantum (the device of an electric and magnetic fields). V.I.Ulyanov is absolutely right in this, as well as in many others.

Science knows that a quantum is a particle of electromagnetic energy and it seems that it is somehow contained in an electron, because if you rely on common sense, it simply has nowhere else to come from. One can, of course, argue that quantum mechanics has its own characteristics, ordinary logic is not applicable to it, etc. etc. But after all, it is not at all easier to understand how a quantum can be understand from mathematical formulas. We will proceed from the assumption that a quantum is contained in an electron. And now the question arises: how is it contained there? Again, common sense suggests that a quantum can be contained in an electron as in some capacity or in the form of a body of the electron itself. You can think of some more forms of unification of an electron and a quantum, but they are not better than the proposed forms.

If we consider an electron as a capacity for quanta, then the question arises - what does the electron itself consist of, i.e. capacity? How does he store a quantum? Quantum, as you know (according to generally accepted concepts) is a wave and it should be folded into some other shape in order to hide it in a small electron. This means that there must be some mechanism of folding (condensation) of a quantum into a certain form that can be stored in an electron or add this form to the substrate of the electron itself. That is, the convolution mechanism must be in any case, in order to believe it does not need any science.

In the first case, the quantum must be rolled up and somehow penetrate into the electron through its body; in the second case, the quantum can directly “wind” around an already existing electron, like a thread on a coil, and enter the composition of its body. Although in the first case, a certain skeleton (coil) is possible, on which a quantum can be “wound”. In this case, the question of constructing a framework arises. We will assume that a quantum is a part of the electron body itself, approximately, like water vapor molecules, condensing into water droplets, are held in it by surface tension forces. You can read about the electron arranged in the article "How an electron arranged"

Science has long ago measured the mass and charge of the electron, as well as its other parameters, and they all turn out to be stable, at least within the measurement accuracy. When any sum of quanta, that is, a photon, hits an electron, it will “wind” it around itself, that is, will absorb this photon, but immediately, it will emit if the photon is not resonant for the given state of the electron. This is Huygens' principle. This process can be repeated indefinitely. The electron will simply “glow” by receiving and reflecting the given photon. The same phenomenon will be observed for a bound electron. If, upon absorption of a given photon, the electron does not have enough energy to go to another level, then it will return to its original state by emitting this photon. That is, this photon is not resonant for a given state of the electron.

In the case of coherent action of two or more photons on such an electron, two reactions of the electron to this action are possible. The sum of photons turned out to be resonant for him, then he can change his status in the atom, and, consequently, in the molecule, which can lead to a new chemical bond, or the sum of photons turned out to be not resonant for him, then he will emit a photon of total energy and remain the same level. With the continuous repetition of the second case, a dynamic equilibrium of the molecule arises - this is its “light” under a given irradiation and, in particular, in living matter, this light is often individual. Through this light, molecules "recognize" each other and with the help of it enter into reactions, including reactions of replication, transcription, etc.


From the above, we can assume that the electron consists of condensed quanta, the groups of which can be extracted (emitted) or added (absorbed) in the form of photons of different energies.