Why does not an electron fall on the nucleus

On the question: why does not an electron fall on the nucleus? there is no clear and understandable answer yet. According to all the canons of modern science and, accordingly, mathematical calculations, an electron moving with centripetal acceleration must emit energy. And as a result of this, all its energy, kinetic and potential, must quickly be used up and fall onto the nucleus. But that doesn't happen, which has puzzled scientific minds. How so?

The most important version on this issue was expressed by Bohr. He simply assumed that the electron cannot move as it pleases, and in a steady state must fly in stationary orbits, in which, in spite of some centripetal acceleration, it emits nothing. And it emits only when passing from one level to another and absorbs in the same way. Brilliant - most of the participants in the Copenhagen Forum exclaimed. The echo of this exclamation continues to this day.

The echo lies in the fact that until now everyone believes in the inviolability of this postulate, everyone ignores the fact of radiation during acceleration and everyone has stopped looking for the forces that hold the electron in this orbit. Some believe that in such orbits an equilibrium is established between the centrifugal force acting on the electron and the centripetal force in the form of electrostatic attraction. But this is not the case.

When you have a ball tied on a string that simulates a centripetal force, then when the ball moves away from the point of rotation, the tension force of the string increases and the ball returns back. And in the case of electrostatic attraction, the opposite is true. The force of attraction decreases and the electron can fly away. Unstable condition. And he, an electron in an atom, does not fly away from it and does not fall on the nucleus.

On account of the fall, there are many experiments on the scattering of electrons by nucleons. The electron not only does not fall on the nucleus, but it is impossible to drive it there. Electrons are bombarded by protons and neutrons, and they deflect them, do not admit them. The magnetic moment of the nucleons deflects the electron to the side. In this regard, there is the experience of Kaufman. But theorists apparently do not know him, and perhaps they do not understand, just as they do not understand the experiments of Jung, Galvani and many others.

And so that the electron does not fly away from the nucleus, in addition to the attraction forces in the atom, there is also an exchange photon, the energy of which depends on the level at which the electron is at a given time. The electron really moves in an atom in a wave-like manner. When an electron accelerates and flies towards the nucleus, then it emits this photon. And then, when the magnetic field unfolding, repels the electron, the electrostatic forces slow down the electron and, absorbing this photon, it turns around again and begins to fall on the nucleus.

This phenomenon is the hit of a reflected, exchange, photon on a moving electron is a very delicate procedure. If the photon does not hit exactly the required place of the electron, then there will be spontaneous emission photon from this level and the electron will pass into another more stable state. Or it can go back into an unstable state, as in the experiments of Belousov - Zhabotinsky.

This precision in the atom does not allow us to synthesize atoms. There are about 10 41 powers of quanta in an electron, and it is necessary to find for a given speed of an electron approaching a nucleus, the corresponding energy of an exchange photon, or for each exchange photon, it is required to select the speed of approaching an electron in order for an electron to be captured by a nucleus.

If there were no exchangeable photons, we would not have any laser. It is the exchange photons that double the number of emitted photons in a pulse of light. We just couldn't light a fire. Without the exchangeable photons, as many photons from the match as we brought to the fire, the fuel of the fire would have burned up to the same amount. You can see the article in more detail about all this. "Atom device" or on Youtube video "A quantum world without secrets and mathematics. Atom" .

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