Why does an electron revolve around a nucleus?

Question: why does the electron revolve around the nucleus? at first glance it seems somehow ridiculous. Well revolves and revolves. And what should he stand, or what? Some amateurs, not burdened with scientific regalia and official powers, try to explain to the best of their concepts: why, after all, electrons move around the nucleus? This is not an idle question. After all, an electron does not have the ability to move independently like a bird or a photon. It has the property of preserving motion (movement by inertia), what speed it will be given, with such a speed it will move. But a bird or a photon, no matter how you accelerate them, they, getting into their environment, begin to move with the speed inherent in them. They, by their own internal forces, will change the speed given to them to their own rate.

Electron does not possess such abilities. He can change his speed only under the influence of external forces. These are the forces that amateurs are trying to find, which is commendable. And the above-mentioned "luminaries" not only cannot answer this question, but are not even able to pose such a question. For them, what Bohr said is enough. They rotate because there are orbits in which the electron does not radiate. Of course, Bohr did not explain why the electron does not radiate there, although there is acceleration. Probably believed that this is God's will, and no one is a decree to God. How do amateurs answer this question?

I looked for an answer to this question on the Internet. And what I found. At the forum "Science" Mashkov Vladimir Vasilievich writes:

“To the question why the electron revolves around the nucleus, I give the following answer in the books" Unknown Physics "and" Reborn Physics ":

The rotation of the electron (and not only the electron, but also the rotation of matter in the composition of large masses, which includes particles with charges, up to the rotation of the Universe) is determined by the triple interaction of the electric field, magnetic field and matter in the form of a charged particle ”.

You can see for yourself what acting forces he found. Electric and magnetic fields and matter. These elements interact with each other in such a way that this very substance in the form of a charged particle rotates around the nucleus. Specifically, the interaction takes place like this. An electron approaches the nucleus under the influence of electrical gravitational forces. During this approach, it emits a certain amount of photon energy. Which is true. The magnetic field of the nucleus deflects the electron to the side, and it tries, overcoming the force of electric attraction, to fly away from the nucleus. What, the same is true. Then, probably, the author assumes that at some distance the magnetic forces become less than the electric forces of attraction, which again begin to attract the electron to the nucleus and the cycle repeats endlessly. There is some truth in this, but not the whole truth.

But obviously Mashkov understands that this is not enough for the stable rotation of the electron, and he introduces the concept of centrifugal force into this cycle. At a certain distance of the electron from the nucleus, it will begin to rotate tangentially to the magnetic lines and the nucleus, by magnetic force, will cease to repel the electron from itself. And so that the electron does not fall again on the nucleus, the force of attraction must be balanced by the centrifugal force, the tangential component, which moves the electron along its orbit.

Mashkov absolutely assumes that an electron, having emitted a photon, loses its mass. Depending on what mass it remains after radiation, it will rotate in such an orbit. The more it loses mass, the closer it is pressed to the nucleus. The tangential component increases and the electron rotation speed increases. Here is such a wonderful theory of the motion of an electron around a nucleus. But there are some inaccuracies in it.

As soon as the moving electron is slightly pushing towards the nucleus, the electric attraction increases, and the centrifugal force decreases and that's it - the electron falls onto the nucleus. He did not radiate anything, and his mass remained the same. The same will happen if the electron is moved away from the nucleus. It will just fly away from the core. As is observed in experiments on the scattering of electrons by protons. This movement of an electron is not stable.

There are also theories that say that the electron does not move anywhere, but simply turns into a standing wave located around the nucleus. Wave-corpuscle dualism is firmly entrenched in some heads. Some people think that the electron is just sitting at the nucleus. But in order to somehow explain this, they need ether. In general, all versions in one way or another revolve around these ideas and nothing else is brought into the understanding of this process. And there’s something else to add.

After Mashkov put the electron into the appropriate orbit and transferred control of the electron's motion to the centrifugal force, he also added a tangential component, apparently the same force, which just moved the electron along the orbit. But for some reason he lost sight of the fact that this tangential force is constant, and the constantly acting force will accelerate and accelerate the electron and it will leave the nucleus. Something is wrong. How?

The following actually happens. An electron falling on the nucleus emits a photon of the corresponding energy. The photon moves towards the nucleus, and the electron unfolds by the magnetic field of the nucleus and tries to fly away from the nucleus. It is this force of the magnetic field that should be decomposed into tangential and normal components. The normal component takes the electron away from the nucleus, and the tangential component gives it speed along the orbit.

It would seem that the centrifugal force and the normal component, directed opposite to the force of electric attraction, could overcome this attraction and the electron would have to leave the nucleus. The equilibrium state in this case is impossible, because the magnetic effect disappears, since the electron does not cross the magnetic lines. We returned to the model built by Mashkov.

The photon emitted at the beginning of the cycle and then reflected from the nucleus saves the situation. This is how nature arranged that this reflected photon bothers to get onto the retreating electron and be absorbed by it, since its place after radiation remains vacant (the electron has not yet had time to absorb or emit anything). In this case, this exchange photon plays the role gravitational photon , it attracts an electron to the nucleus. The electron accelerates to the nucleus and immediately emits the same exchange photon and the cycle repeats as long as you like. The electron is decelerated and accelerated many times, and in each cycle the magnetic field of the nucleus pushes it in the same way, maintaining its constant speed in a given orbit.

In a different orbit there will be a different mass of an electron, there will be a different exchange photon and there will be a different speed of an electron.

The answer to the question: why does the electron move around the nucleus? simple. It is pushed by the magnetic force of the core.

It will seem to many that the introduction to atom structure exchange photon, not correct, invented. Maybe so, but then how do you explain the processes in a laser or a simple fire? There is no way without an exchange photon. What's going on in the laser. The very first laser worked like this. A green photon in ruby hits an electron and while the electron retransmits it, it either slows down its speed (absorption) or increases (radiation). When relaying, both happens. But these changes in velocity are enough for the exchange photon not to hit this electron and be absorbed by it. Now you have 2 photons, which can double again and form an avalanche of photons. In a laser, these photons, or rather most of them, perform doubling operations due to multiple reflections in the resonator, and in a fire, a photon escapes from the fire. But how many times he could double, so many pairs of photons turned out. It is difficult to set fire to one log in the stove, but an armful of logs will flare up faster. It turns out that one photon from a match in an armful of firewood will generate several doubling cycles, although not as many as in a laser due to the lack of resonance.

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