**Impact of force on an electron**

Everyone knows that an electron moving with acceleration emits electromagnetic energy. From a simple electric light bulb, through radio, television, the Internet to the most modern accelerators - all this confirms this idea.

How can an electron be set in motion? What force can accelerate an electron? An electron is a negatively charged particle. An electric field exists around the electron. The electric field strength decreases in the direction of the radius inversely proportional to the square of the radius. This distribution of tension is an important point in the process of interaction between force and electron. Whatever the electron consists of and no matter how it is arranged, the force can act on it only through its field. But what is power?

A force can only be a negative or positive electric field, magnetic field or electromagnetic field. Science knows nothing else. Whatever the heavy sledgehammer, there are electrons with their electric fields on its periphery. Therefore, even a sledgehammer will act on the anvil through the field of an electron.

We will consider the effect of a negative electric field on an electron. For simplicity, we represent the field as flat with constant strength over the entire plane. Suppose a free electron is at rest. We apply the minimum force to a stationary electron required to generate one quantum . The electric field of an electron, which, according to the proposed hypothesis, has an approximately spherical shape, after being exposed to a plane field of an external force, is somehow deformed and some semblances of convexity and concavity are formed on it.

The electric field affects not only the electrical components of the quantum, but also the magnetic components. Experience shows that a magnetic field twists a moving electron ( Kaufman's experiment ). But if magnetic forces change the direction of movement of electric fields, then common sense suggests that with a certain ratio of the magnitudes of the fields of electric and magnetic fields and electric fields can change the direction of magnetic fields. Newton's third law tells us about this.

The vortices of the electric or magnetic fields of a quantum are deformed and burst. Such vortices exist in the electron constantly (they constitute the being of the electron ), but before the indignation by the force, these vortices kept each other in a single system.

As soon as this or that vortex has formed on the surface of an electron, it leaves the zone of action of the holding fields and begins an independent life. An electron will emit one quantum or photon. In an electron, the wave must be closed on itself, otherwise it will not be retained in the electron, which actually happens when an external force acts, which breaks the connection of the vortices.

A quantum (or a photon) can separate from an electron only for some time. If we assume a negative electric field has attracted a positive electric vortex to itself, then on the opposite side of the electron the connection between the electric negative vortex and the magnetic vortex will be broken. It turns out that the initial part of the vortex is already interacting with the vacuum and is trying to rush in it at the speed of light, while the subsequent phases of the quantum are still “unwinding” from the electron. And the speed of this "unwinding " depends only on the number of quanta in the photon. (This explains experiments of Fizo , Sagnac, Compton, etc.).

As a result of the action of this force, the electron emitted a quantum, i.e. lost part of itself (charge and mass) and acquired some other speed.

Now let's apply the force necessary to receive a quantum of double energy from an electron at rest. In this case, the field disturbance will be greater than when one quantum is generated. In our model, this perturbation will be enough to form a vortex of both one quantum and a vortex of two quanta (photon), but not enough to form a third vortex. That is, the electron will immediately emit a photon in 3 quanta. But if the electron has already moved up to this double force (it has already emitted one quantum and, accordingly, changed its speed), then this force will force the electron to emit two quanta (the second layer of the electron), but will not be able to reach the next layer.

The same will happen for other more energetic photons. This principle of recording information, as far as I remember, was implemented in some computers.

This way a photon of any energy can be generated, but always greater than the previous photon was generated. The force for a photon with a lower energy for a given electron velocity simply cannot excite the onset of photon generation. There is simply no such photon in an electron. In order for this electron to generate a photon of lower power, its speed should be reduced to the required level, i.e. it must absorb a certain photon or it must be slowed down by the corresponding force. As soon as the decelerating force has reduced the speed of the electron to the level of the lower-energy photon, it becomes resonant for a photon with a lower energy or the same sum of several photons, which will be absorbed.

If the force is insufficient to transfer the electron to the next velocity zone (to the next level), i.e. the electron will be able to bend the force field without emitting a photon, then this force will simply move the electron, like some kind of transport, transferring kinetic energy to it without changing the internal energy. In this case, the mass of the electron remains unchanged.

This is exactly the case that Einstein speaks of in “§10. Dynamics of a (weakly accelerated) electron ”of its work "To the electrodynamics of moving bodies. He writes:

* "Since the electron accelerates slowly and, as a result, should not give up energy in the form of radiation, the energy taken from the electrostatic field should be set equal to the energy of motion W of the electron." *

And now we see that the effect of the force on the electron, and, accordingly, on the whole body can be different:

1. If you act on an electron with increasing force. And this can be, for example, when a positron and an electron are attracted. The distance between them decreases, and the force increases and, accordingly, the speed of convergence increases. The particles fully unfold into photons and annihilate. It is quite possible that in this case the speed of approach is equal to the speed of light. For this reason alone, the speed of a body cannot exceed the speed of light. Not because the body weight increases, it, on the contrary, decreases, but because the body evaporates.

2. If the electron is influenced by a force that is insufficient to excite the electron to generate a photon, then the electron will accelerate all the time, its speed will increase all the time and there is no limit to this increase. ж The main thing is that the driving force should not lag behind the pushed body. And this is possible if the force is reactive.

Whether this is true or not, I don't know for sure. But I know that a full bowl of soup can only be carried with a small acceleration. If the plate is moved quickly, the soup can spill. And the final speeds in both cases will be the same.

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